Olkhov A.A., Iordanskiy A.L., Zaikov G.E. BIOPLASTICS BASED ON THERMOPLASTICS

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu10.2014.3.10

Olkhov Anatoliy Aleksandrovich

Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Head of the Laboratory at the Department of Chemistry and Technology of Processing Plastics and Polymer Composites, Lomonosov Moscow State University of Fine Chemical Technologies

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Prosp. Vernadskogo, 86, 119571 Moscow, Russian Federation

Iordanskiy Aleksey Leonidovich

Doctor of Chemical Sciences, Professor, Head of the Laboratory, N.N. Semenov Institute of Chemical Physics, RAS

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Kosygina St., 4, 119991 Moscow, Russian Federation

Zaikov Gennadiy Efremovich

Doctor of Chemical Sciences, Professor, Head of the Department of Biological and Chemical Physics of Polymers, Institute of Biochemical Physics named after N.M. Emanuel, RAS

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Kosygina St., 4, 119334 Moscow, Russian Federation

Abstract. The biodegradable polymeric materials (PM) are of interest because of their complete reproducibility and practical unlimitedness of raw materials. It is becoming more promising due to heavy worldwide using the sources of raw materials (oil and gas) for the production of traditional synthetic polymers. The main task of the researchers of biodegradable polymeric materials is to provide the required level of cost and technological and operational properties at a level close, or corresponding to synthetic polymers.

Currently, there is a growing demand for biodegradable polymeric materials, as evidenced by the fact that in economically developed countries, a large share of disposable packaging are manufactured from similar materials. There are new directions and research on the development of a wide range of materials on the basis of different types of starches, lignins, proteins, cellulose, polyoxyethylenes and polylactide.

With the growth of world production of polymeric materials (PM) we can observe growth of the problem of environmental protection from the polymeric wastes. The paper analyzes the well-known approaches to solving these problems in terms of efficiency.

Key words: bioplastics, biopolymers, polymeric compositional materials, biodegradable materials, biodegradation.

 

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