Zhdanovа N.N. MODIFICATION OF SYSTEMATIC APPROACH TO THE STUDY OF NATURAL SCIENCE DISCIPLINES

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu10.2014.3.12

Zhdanovа Natalya Nikolaevna

Candidate of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Higher and Applied Mathematics, Volgograd Branch of Moscow State University of Railway Engineering (MIIT)

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Bukhantseva St., 48, 400120 Volgograd, Russian Federation

Abstract. This article discusses the educational technology of high school academic disciplines, in which computer equipment is widely used. In this paper the authors analyze the basic contradiction that arises in the course of such training courses, particularly, in the process of studying computer and closely related disciplines. This contradiction lies in the fact that, on the one hand, students learn very quickly the basic computer operations by trial and error (it is up to them to decide what stages of training are necessary), and, on the other hand, yesterday’s pupils, as a rule, do not have the skills of systematic approach to gaining knowledge in the respective subjects. The use of indiscriminate and heterogeneous quality of computer programs in middle ranking educational institutes leads to low quality of computer-based training, and education in general. Consequently, by the end of training term some students develop bad attitude towards computer skills. As a rule, certain problems arise in the process of educating such students.

It follows that the main feature of the person-oriented education aimed at developing a systematic approach to this issue is a case-study, which activates and directs the cognitive power of each student. Systematic tasks developed in a specific manner play important role in modeling such case-study.

This article contains recommendations on the compilation of educational tasks for computer-oriented disciplines which imply modification of the principle of teaching material selection. The authors give example of forming such tasks for the discipline “Computer and Information Technologies”.

Key words: person-oriented technique, creative activity, classical approach to the selection of subjects, tasks continuation, systematic principle.

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